Here we are going to explain
what is section 425 in Indian Penal Code (IPC).
In this section states that Whoever with intent to cause, or knowing
that he is likely to cause, wrongful loss or damage to the public or to any
person, causes the destruction of any property, or any such change in any
property or in the situation thereof as destroys or diminishes its value or
utility, or affects it injuriously, commits “mischief”.
1. It is not essential to the
offence of mischief that the offender should intend to cause loss or damage to
the owner of the property injured or destroyed. It is sufficient if he intends
to cause, or knows that he is likely to cause, wrongful loss or damage to any
person by injuring any property, whether it belongs to that person or not.
2. Mischief may be committed by an act
affecting property belonging to the person who commits the act, or to that
person and others jointly.
(a) A voluntarily burns a valuable security
belonging to Z intending to cause wrongful loss to Z. A has committed
(b) A introduces water into an ice-house
belonging to Z and thus causes the ice to melt, intending wrongful loss to Z. A
has committed mischief.
(c) A voluntarily throws into a river a
ring belonging to Z, with the intention of thereby causing wrongful loss to Z.
A has committed mischief.
(d) A, knowing that his effects are about
to be taken in execution in order to satisfy a debt due from him to Z,
destroys those effects, with the intention of thereby preventing Z from
obtaining satisfaction of the debt, and of thus causing damage to Z. A has
(e) A, having insured a ship, voluntarily
causes the same to be cast away, with the intention of causing damage to the
under-writers. A has committed mischief.
(f) A causes a ship to be cast away,
intending thereby to cause damage to Z who has lent money on bottomry on the
ship. A has committed mischief.
(g) A, having joint property with Z in a
horse, shoots the horse, intending thereby to cause wrongful loss to Z. A has
(h) A causes cattle to enter upon a field
belonging to Z, intending to cause and knowing that he is likely to cause
damage to Z’s crop. A has committed mischief.